750 BCE Approximate date of the widespread use of iron in Persian region.
Port of Syracuse
733 BCE Syracuse is founded by the Greeks in Sicily.
729 BCE Babylon is captured by the Assyrians.
721 BCE Israel is conquered by king Shalmaneser V of Assyria.
671 BCE Egypt is conquered by King Esarhaddon of Assyria.
651 BCE The Egyptians expel the Assyrians from their country.
650 BCE First reference of triremes-three rows of oars.
646 BCE Ashurbanipal, the Assyrian king, sacks Susa and ends Elamite supremacy.
645 BCE Psamtik recaptures Thebes from the Assyrians.
640 BCE Persia becomes a vassal state of Media. The kingdom of Macedon is founded.
630 BCE The prophet Zoroaster is born.
620 BCE Greek colonies are founded in Egypt.
612 BCE Nineveh is sacked by the Babylonians and the Medes. The Assyrian empire collapses.
605 BCE The Babylonians under prince Nebuchadnezzar defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Carchemish.
Nebuchadnezzar as interpreted by William Blake
604 BCE Nebuchadnezzar is crowned king of Babylon.
600 BCE The Etruscan league of cities is formed in northern Italy.
597 BCE Nebuchadnezzar captures Jerusalem.
585 BCE The "Battle of the Eclipse" which ended the inconclusive 15 year war between the Median and Lydian empires. Calculated as occurring on the afternoon of May 25, 585 BC.
580 BCE The Carthaginians defeat the settling Greeks at Lilybaeum, Sicily.